close
Drop

Al lupo al lupo: quando i cacciatori sparano fake news sul lòvv

Lupo 01

J’ò incontrè ‘na lòvva. <Vè, ti sit äd Pärma? Mi a són Lòvva Rina. Se ti at’ si äd Pärma mèttot sedù lì, insìmma a col blòch äd sas lì e ascolta. La sana, ch’ l’é pò la mojéra dal verro, l’à m’à dìtt ch’ l’à sentì parlär di casadór e che in citè l’é tutt un dir par mi e la mé famija. Vojätor Pramzàn a gh’ì  tant gàti da plär, parché a tirì in bal anca nojätor che par sopravìvor a fèmma i sält mortäj? Second mì i n’é v’ la cónton mìga giussta. In gir a gh’é pù bàli che vritè su nojätor lòvv Italjàn.

E a stèmma ala lärga da vojätor uman. I mé antenè j andävon su e zò par l’Apenén anca cuand a gh’éra cóll Fransèssch la. Mo j éron ätor témp. Ecco, cuànd at’ tòron zò a Pärma, va dal sìnndìch e fagh cla propòsta chì: Lòvva Rina l’é dispòsta a gnìr in citè, mèttor su un camp-scóla in pjàsa ‘dla Päza par contär a tutt i pramzàn la véra stòrja äd nojätor lòvv. E äd có fär  p’r inconträros mäj e evitär fastidjóz mälintéz. Ognón ch’ al vàga par la pròprja sträda. Nojätor a n’é v’ sarchèmma mìga, vojätor fì listés>.

E’ da tempo che cerco di incrociare, per davvero,  il marrone chiaro degli occhi di un lupo (in dialetto parmigiano; lòvv: lupo, lòvva: lupa).  E stare lì a rivedere la sua storia che scorre, come un film, nell’iride, così come è successo ad Africa nel racconto di Pennac.

Sono sicuro di esserci andato vicino, a un lupo,  attorno a un nevaio sotto il monte Cusna. Il gestore del Rifugio Bargetana me l’aveva detto:  quell’antro di faggeta fitta fitta  è proprio un posto da lupi. E  anche il mio Pedro, segugio appenninico salvato dagli spari dei cacciatori, se ne stava lì senza muovere foglia. Tóla su dolsa  gli  avevo sussurrato quando ci siamo incamminati sul sentiero Glenda. C’era qualcosa che luccicava dall’altra parte dello stagno e  probabilmente lì ci vive per davvero  un piccolo branco.

Anche attraversando in lungo e in largo l’Alpe di Succiso ho riscontrato il passaggio di lupi. Ma loro non si sono mai appalesati: di solito si muovono nella notte. Poi arrampicarsi sul sentiero Barbarossa con il pastore di lassù e un esercito di maremmani capitanati da un <luvin> (cane del Gigante), di lupi non ne vedi proprio. Se ne stanno a distanza di massima sicurezza.  Anche nel Parco dell’Orecchiella in Garfagnana (proprietà della Forestale) è possibile un fantastico incontro ravvicinato con lupi e orsi: c’è un museo, ci sono testimonianze e tanta narrazione, c’è anche una stretta valle denominata la Buca del lupo.

E per saperne di più sono andato, nei giorni scorsi,  a fare un workshop con l’associazione di <Io non ho paura del lupo>. Una ventina di persone in marcia e una cinquantina a seguire la parte teorica.  Escursionisti di Parma, di altre province dell’Emilia,  ma anche di Milano, dell’alta Toscana, di Asti, del Veneto.  Insomma, l’interesse sul lupo, o meglio dove vive e come si comporta oggi il Canis lupus italicus, coinvolge sempre più persone. Anche la gente  della doppietta ha nel mirino sempre più lupi. Quest’ultima è  una sfida tra predatori.

Dove sono  andato  a camminare  con chi non ha  paura del lupo? Questo non lo dirò mai. Anche sotto tortura non dirò mai  quanti chilometri abbiamo fatto in auto e poi quanti sali-scendi a piedi.  Ma di fatto anche questa volta  i lupi non li abbiamo proprio visti. Comunque, impronte e altri segni sui sentieri e vicino agli alberi li abbiamo intercettati e abbiamo potuto vedere le immagini catturate delle fototrappole.  Una bella duegiorni (un altro weekend era stato organizzato quindici giorni prima) dedicata al re delle nostre  foreste.

Abbiamo imparato i rudimenti per riconoscere il passaggio di lupi e dovevamo applicare le tecniche sulla neve per una mappatura sempre più dettagliata. Ma la neve non c’è e questo è un altro problema per la salvaguardia non solo del nostro Appennino.

 

Durante la prima giornata ci hanno dato alcune nozioni di biologia ed etologia della specie. Il giorno dopo, trekking sulle tracce del lupo per capire il più vicino possibile come si organizzano i nuclei familiari dei lupi. E cosa sarebbe utile fare per garantire al lupo una vita da lupo.

L’associazione <Io non ho paura del lupo> è nata con lo scopo di creare volontari  per favorire la convivenza uomo/natura, uomo/lupo: <Per dare risposte concrete ai vari attacchi mediatici, allarmismi e disinformazione sul lupo. Non bisogna avere paura delle paure infondate>,  ha scandito Daniele Ecotti.

Ecco cosa ho imparato sognando di avvicinarmi a un lupo vero:

  1. Che non esiste una stima reale dei lupi presenti in Italia. Troppi o pochi sono valutazione campate in aria.
  2. Che nessuno ha mai e poi mai reintrodotto lupi nel territorio italiano. Il lupo, dopo lo sterminio fino agli anni ’70, si è ripopolato spontaneamente in aree dove la natura a sua volta è ripresa a germogliare. Il lupo ha trovato le condizioni ideali per rigenerarsi e nutrirsi di ungulati.
  3. Che il lupo è molto difficile da studiare. E’ misterioso etologicamente. E’ un animale estremante discreto ed elusivo
  4. Che il lupo ha una perfetta organizzazione sociale con una struttura familiare simile a quella umana.
  5. Che è comunque necessario tenerlo sotto osservazione per mantenerlo circoscritto in zone selvagge. E per fare questo sono essenziali  i giusti investimenti per controlli, protezioni e allontanamenti. E anche l’uomo si deve comportare in modo da non attirare il lupo verso zone abitate. Insomma, rispettare semplici regole di convivenza tra uomini, tra uomini e lupi.
  6. Che, come tutti gli animali selvaggi, anche il lupo può creare situazioni di preoccupazione (i lupi in dispersione, ad esempio). Esiste il Wolf Apennine Center che fa capo a un ente pubblico (il Parco nazionale dell’Appennino tosco-emiliano) ed è dotato di un proprio personale specializzato operante sul territorio con attività di monitoraggio, ma anche di consulenza per altri enti.
  7. Che nonostante il lupo sia sotto protezione di ben definite normative, ogni anno subisce il massacro dei bracconieri. Quella dei bracconieri è una piaga non solo per il lupo.
  8. Che le maggiori richieste di indennizzo per danni provocati da animali selvatici  in Emilia Romagna non riguardano i lupi ma i cinghiali. I cinghiali sono stati  immessi in Appennino dai cacciatori per soddisfare unicamente le loro scampagnate. E la selezione per abbassare i rischi non viene rispettata poiché chi spara preferisce colpire i grossi adulti per poi trasformarli in trofei.

Ci sono tante altre considerazioni da fare sul mondo dei lupi, dei cinghiali e della caccia. E sull’ambiente appenninico.  <Più si riesce a confrontarsi senza pregiudizi, più si  favoriscono la giuste convivenze>, ha ribadito Daniele Ecotti.

Dell’ecosistema appenninico (lupo incluso)  se ne è parlato anche in novembre a Berceto in occasione del <Piccolo Festival di antropologia della montagna>. Un’altra interessante occasione per  approfondire e riflettere su una possibile coesistenza tra uomo e natura, tra uomo e lupo.

E visto che Lòvva Rina ci ha fatto sapere che è disposta a venire anche in città per mettere un po’ d’ordine rispetto alle tante fake news sparate sui lupi, perché non organizzare a Parma un seminario dedicato al lupo? Un simposio internazionale sul lòvv.

Pensèmmogh su

Ringrazio il missionario del dialetto, Enrico Maletti, per la traduzione dell’incipit di questo articolo, ma anche perché mi ha fatto conoscere e leggere  una bellissima poesia di Altredo Zerbini: <La  föla  del lupo>. Ecco:  il convegno sul  lòvv a Parma potrebbe iniziare e concludersi con questa poesia recitata da Maletti.

 

 

 

 

 

41 commenti

  1. My wife and i were absolutely relieved when Michael managed to round up his researching by way of the ideas he came across from your very own weblog. It’s not at all simplistic to simply possibly be freely giving techniques a number of people may have been selling. And now we see we’ve got you to give thanks to because of that. The most important explanations you’ve made, the easy web site navigation, the relationships your site make it easier to create – it’s got many great, and it’s really assisting our son and us recognize that that content is thrilling, which is truly pressing. Many thanks for all the pieces!
    [url=http://www.curry5.us.com]stephen curry shoes[/url]

  2. I am glad for writing to make you be aware of of the notable experience my cousin’s daughter encountered reading your blog. She came to find too many things, not to mention what it’s like to have a wonderful giving spirit to let a number of people without difficulty learn about specified advanced issues. You really exceeded people’s expectations. Thank you for rendering the beneficial, safe, revealing and also easy guidance on this topic to Tanya.
    yeezy boost

  3. I would like to convey my passion for your kind-heartedness supporting those who actually need guidance on the concept. Your real commitment to passing the message all over was rather informative and have frequently empowered somebody much like me to get to their endeavors. This invaluable recommendations signifies much a person like me and still more to my office colleagues. Thanks a ton; from all of us.
    pg 1

  4. I as well as my buddies were reading through the nice points found on your website while then I had an awful suspicion I had not expressed respect to the website owner for those tips. My young men had been glad to study all of them and already have honestly been having fun with those things. Thanks for actually being simply accommodating and also for making a decision on certain ideal tips most people are really needing to be aware of. My very own sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to you sooner.
    ferragamo belts

  5. I wanted to draft you that very little remark just to give thanks once again just for the great advice you’ve shared above. It was certainly tremendously open-handed of you to make without restraint what exactly some people would’ve offered for sale as an e book to help with making some bucks for themselves, notably given that you might have tried it if you decided. Those principles also worked to be the easy way to fully grasp some people have a similar passion the same as my personal own to learn a good deal more with respect to this matter. I’m sure there are some more enjoyable sessions up front for folks who see your blog post.
    michael kors outlet

  6. I in addition to my pals appeared to be studying the excellent secrets and techniques found on the website while all of the sudden got a terrible feeling I never expressed respect to the blog owner for those techniques. My young men appeared to be as a result warmed to read all of them and have now quite simply been taking pleasure in these things. Appreciate your turning out to be so helpful as well as for finding this kind of nice ideas most people are really needing to learn about. Our honest regret for not expressing gratitude to you earlier.
    ysl handbags

  7. Thanks for your own efforts on this site. Gloria take interest in making time for investigation and it’s obvious why. We know all relating to the powerful form you offer helpful tricks through your website and as well recommend participation from visitors on that subject matter so our favorite girl is without a doubt understanding a lot of things. Have fun with the remaining portion of the year. You have been carrying out a fantastic job.
    hermes belt

  8. I have to express my appreciation to the writer for bailing me out of such a situation. Because of looking through the online world and seeing thoughts that were not powerful, I figured my life was done. Living devoid of the solutions to the issues you’ve solved by means of the article content is a critical case, and the kind which could have in a negative way affected my entire career if I hadn’t come across your site. Your own know-how and kindness in controlling almost everything was valuable. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I had not encountered such a point like this. I can also at this time look forward to my future. Thanks very much for the specialized and effective guide. I will not think twice to endorse your web page to any individual who needs guide about this topic.
    Adidas NMD x YEEZY 350 Black

  9. I as well as my buddies ended up checking the excellent recommendations from your site and so the sudden came up with an awful feeling I had not expressed respect to the blog owner for those tips. All of the men are already for this reason stimulated to learn all of them and already have pretty much been using those things. Thanks for really being so thoughtful as well as for finding variety of outstanding ideas most people are really desirous to understand about. My honest apologies for not saying thanks to you sooner.
    ray ban

  10. I wanted to create you this little bit of remark in order to say thanks a lot the moment again for your unique secrets you have shared above. It is simply incredibly generous of you to present without restraint all a number of people might have advertised as an e-book in order to make some cash on their own, especially considering the fact that you might well have tried it in case you decided. These basics as well worked to become a easy way to be sure that some people have a similar zeal really like my own to find out somewhat more when it comes to this condition. I’m sure there are thousands of more fun occasions in the future for folks who browse through your site.
    gucci belts

  11. I not to mention my buddies were examining the nice helpful hints on your website and immediately developed a horrible suspicion I never expressed respect to you for those techniques. Those women ended up as a consequence glad to see all of them and have surely been enjoying those things. Thanks for being very kind and also for picking out these kinds of quality subjects millions of individuals are really eager to understand about. My very own sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to you sooner.
    calvin klein outlet

  12. I wanted to compose you a tiny note so as to say thank you as before about the exceptional knowledge you’ve featured on this page. It has been remarkably open-handed with people like you to allow extensively what a lot of people could have distributed as an ebook to help with making some money on their own, and in particular considering the fact that you might well have tried it in the event you considered necessary. These solutions also acted as a easy way to fully grasp that some people have the same dreams similar to my personal own to realize a good deal more on the subject of this problem. I’m certain there are several more pleasurable occasions up front for individuals who check out your blog.
    michael kors handbags

  13. I and my buddies appeared to be going through the great items located on your web blog and so unexpectedly got an awful suspicion I never thanked the web blog owner for those tips. All the young boys are already so glad to study them and already have in actuality been using these things. Appreciation for getting quite thoughtful and then for selecting varieties of terrific areas millions of individuals are really desperate to be aware of. My sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to you sooner.
    fenty puma

  14. I am commenting to let you be aware of what a exceptional discovery my girl undergone studying your site. She discovered many issues, not to mention how it is like to possess an amazing helping nature to let many more effortlessly comprehend specified complicated subject areas. You undoubtedly did more than readers’ expected results. Many thanks for distributing the beneficial, dependable, revealing as well as easy tips on your topic to Evelyn.
    adidas yeezy

  15. I wanted to send you that very little word in order to thank you very much once again considering the great solutions you’ve provided above. It’s certainly particularly open-handed of you to supply unhampered just what most of us could have supplied for an e-book to help with making some bucks on their own, mostly considering the fact that you could possibly have tried it if you ever wanted. The solutions likewise acted to become easy way to understand that other people online have similar fervor just like my own to know significantly more in regard to this condition. I’m sure there are numerous more pleasurable moments up front for individuals who read your blog.
    balenciaga shoes

  16. I and my buddies have been studying the great tactics located on your web page and then I got a terrible feeling I had not expressed respect to the web site owner for those techniques. Those ladies became certainly passionate to learn them and have now surely been having fun with them. Appreciate your really being considerably thoughtful and also for settling on these kinds of fantastic areas most people are really eager to be aware of. Our sincere regret for not expressing gratitude to earlier.
    adidas outlet online

  17. I wish to express some thanks to this writer just for bailing me out of this situation. Just after searching throughout the the net and coming across opinions which were not powerful, I was thinking my entire life was gone. Living without the presence of approaches to the problems you’ve solved all through your good guideline is a crucial case, and those that might have negatively affected my career if I hadn’t noticed your site. That skills and kindness in dealing with all the stuff was excellent. I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t encountered such a thing like this. I’m able to now look forward to my future. Thanks a lot very much for the skilled and amazing help. I will not be reluctant to propose the blog to any individual who should have support about this matter.
    yeezy boost 350

  18. My spouse and i ended up being quite excited that Ervin could conclude his survey by way of the ideas he got using your web site. It is now and again perplexing to simply always be handing out information and facts which often many others could have been making money from. And we all acknowledge we need the website owner to give thanks to because of that. The entire illustrations you have made, the simple site navigation, the relationships you can give support to foster – it’s most terrific, and it is aiding our son in addition to us reason why the issue is exciting, and that is exceptionally mandatory. Thanks for all!
    nike flyknit racer

  19. I’m just commenting to make you understand what a extraordinary discovery my wife’s child obtained reading through the blog. She noticed some things, which include what it is like to have an excellent giving spirit to have the mediocre ones smoothly gain knowledge of several tortuous issues. You undoubtedly surpassed our own expected results. Thank you for offering such necessary, safe, edifying and as well as easy guidance on that topic to Sandra.
    supreme hoodie

  20. Thank you for every one of your labor on this web site. My mom enjoys going through internet research and it’s simple to grasp why. My spouse and i know all relating to the compelling means you create insightful tips and hints through this web blog and strongly encourage participation from other people on the idea plus my daughter is truly being taught so much. Have fun with the rest of the new year. You’re carrying out a dazzling job.
    yeezy boost 350 v2

  21. I want to voice my affection for your kind-heartedness supporting those people that really need guidance on in this subject matter. Your personal commitment to getting the message all over came to be certainly advantageous and has without exception permitted ladies much like me to achieve their goals. This important suggestions signifies a whole lot to me and even more to my office workers. Best wishes; from each one of us.
    adidas superstars

  22. Needed to put you that little bit of remark to finally say thanks a lot once again with the wonderful knowledge you have documented in this article. It was certainly tremendously open-handed with you to present without restraint all some people could possibly have marketed for an electronic book in order to make some bucks for themselves, particularly seeing that you might well have tried it in case you decided. These techniques in addition served to provide a great way to be certain that some people have the identical passion much like mine to learn way more with regards to this problem. I know there are many more pleasurable opportunities up front for those who look over your blog.
    air jordan 4

  23. I would like to voice my appreciation for your generosity in support of those people that must have help on in this idea. Your real commitment to passing the message along turned out to be certainly effective and has continuously empowered men and women much like me to achieve their ambitions. Your invaluable recommendations denotes a whole lot to me and a whole lot more to my fellow workers. Thank you; from each one of us.
    adidas nmd

  24. Needed to put you this very little note to be able to say thank you as before for the precious principles you have featured at this time. This is really seriously open-handed with you to supply openly just what numerous people would have advertised as an e book to get some bucks for their own end, most importantly seeing that you could possibly have done it in the event you wanted. The solutions also acted like a great way to fully grasp that some people have the same dreams just as my personal own to grasp a lot more regarding this issue. I am certain there are a lot more pleasant sessions in the future for individuals that find out your blog post.
    yeezy boost 350 v2

  25. I have to convey my passion for your generosity supporting people who need help with this topic. Your special commitment to getting the solution throughout came to be remarkably important and have all the time empowered people like me to arrive at their objectives. Your entire interesting suggestions implies so much to me and somewhat more to my fellow workers. Best wishes; from all of us.
    lebron james shoes

  26. My husband and i ended up being absolutely contented Raymond could complete his homework via the precious recommendations he grabbed in your site. It is now and again perplexing to just find yourself making a gift of thoughts which often many people could have been trying to sell. And we all take into account we need you to appreciate because of that. The entire explanations you have made, the simple site navigation, the friendships you can help to engender – it is most powerful, and it is aiding our son in addition to the family reason why this subject matter is cool, which is very indispensable. Thank you for all!
    lebron 14

  27. A lot of thanks for every one of your efforts on this web site. Ellie delights in going through investigation and it’s easy to understand why. Almost all know all of the compelling form you provide reliable tips by means of this web site and as well attract participation from people on the subject so my girl has been studying so much. Have fun with the rest of the year. You are conducting a fabulous job.
    adidas tubular shadow

  28. My spouse and i were now comfortable that Michael managed to deal with his research from the precious recommendations he received when using the site. It is now and again perplexing to just choose to be giving for free helpful hints that a number of people could have been trying to sell. And we all recognize we have you to appreciate for that. The main explanations you have made, the easy website navigation, the friendships you will make it easier to promote – it is everything wonderful, and it is helping our son in addition to the family reckon that that content is pleasurable, and that is exceptionally mandatory. Many thanks for the whole thing!
    burberry outlet

  29. I simply wanted to jot down a brief comment to be able to thank you for all of the magnificent tips and tricks you are sharing at this site. My extensive internet investigation has finally been recognized with high-quality know-how to talk about with my family members. I ‘d assume that many of us website visitors are unequivocally endowed to exist in a fantastic website with many wonderful people with beneficial concepts. I feel truly privileged to have encountered the site and look forward to so many more fabulous times reading here. Thank you again for everything.
    tomford sunglasses

  30. I want to express my gratitude for your kindness giving support to women who should have help with this one niche. Your special commitment to getting the solution all through turned out to be extraordinarily helpful and has specifically encouraged most people just like me to get to their endeavors. Your personal valuable recommendations signifies this much to me and a whole lot more to my office colleagues. Many thanks; from everyone of us.
    yeezy boost

  31. I wanted to put you one very small observation to be able to give many thanks the moment again on the stunning views you have contributed on this website. This is simply tremendously generous with people like you to provide openly precisely what a few individuals might have marketed as an ebook to make some cash on their own, chiefly considering the fact that you might well have done it if you ever desired. The good ideas additionally served as a good way to understand that some people have similar keenness similar to mine to find out a little more regarding this issue. I’m sure there are several more pleasurable instances in the future for individuals that browse through your website.
    yeezy boost 350

  32. I have to voice my affection for your kind-heartedness in support of persons who should have assistance with in this area of interest. Your very own commitment to passing the message throughout turned out to be remarkably interesting and has in most cases helped guys like me to arrive at their goals. Your entire insightful publication signifies so much a person like me and even further to my fellow workers. Thanks a ton; from everyone of us.
    adidas ultra boost 3.0

  33. I simply wanted to jot down a remark to say thanks to you for these wonderful ways you are showing at this website. My considerable internet lookup has at the end been compensated with awesome ideas to exchange with my colleagues. I would say that many of us readers actually are truly lucky to exist in a fabulous website with many lovely people with great ideas. I feel extremely fortunate to have seen your web pages and look forward to so many more fun minutes reading here. Thanks a lot once again for everything.
    michael kors

  34. I wanted to draft you one very little remark to help thank you very much the moment again considering the great solutions you’ve shown on this page. This is incredibly open-handed with people like you to convey unreservedly exactly what many of us would have offered as an electronic book to make some dough for themselves, notably considering the fact that you could have done it if you ever decided. These basics as well served like the easy way to fully grasp that many people have a similar dream just like my own to understand a little more around this condition. I think there are millions of more pleasurable moments up front for individuals that read through your site.
    nike zoom

  35. My spouse and i were excited that Emmanuel could do his preliminary research through the entire precious recommendations he gained from your weblog. It’s not at all simplistic to simply continually be offering instructions which usually others might have been making money from. And we also do understand we now have the writer to be grateful to for this. The entire illustrations you have made, the straightforward website navigation, the relationships you can help to instill – it’s all fantastic, and it’s really facilitating our son and our family believe that that concept is satisfying, which is truly indispensable. Thank you for everything!
    nike flyknit racer

  36. My husband and i were really lucky that Emmanuel could deal with his analysis via the ideas he got from your own web page. It’s not at all simplistic just to choose to be giving out methods which usually others may have been making money from. And we know we have the blog owner to be grateful to for that. The illustrations you have made, the straightforward blog menu, the friendships you will make it easier to engender – it’s most excellent, and it’s aiding our son and the family know that that article is exciting, which is seriously vital. Thanks for the whole thing!
    adidas iniki runner

  37. Thanks a lot for providing individuals with an exceptionally special possiblity to read critical reviews from this web site. It’s usually very pleasing and stuffed with amusement for me personally and my office peers to search your web site at the very least thrice weekly to study the newest secrets you will have. Of course, I am at all times fulfilled with your perfect information served by you. Selected two areas in this posting are unequivocally the most effective we’ve had.
    michael kors outlet

  38. Thanks for all your valuable labor on this website. Betty loves getting into research and it is simple to grasp why. Almost all hear all of the dynamic method you make good things by means of the web blog and as well as increase participation from other ones about this concern then our own princess is undoubtedly studying a lot of things. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the new year. You are performing a fantastic job.
    yeezys

Lascia un Commento